Frequently Asked Questions

What is biological dentistry?

The practice of biological dentistry takes into account the effect of the teeth, dental treatment and dental materials on the overall health of the patient. Dentistry is always a piece of the health puzzle, and sometimes it's a very large, missing piece.

What is bio-compatibility?

The simplest definition of biocompatibility is the ability of a substance to exist within living things without harming them. The biocompatibility of a dental material refers to the ability of the material to provide the desired function, without causing any undesirable local or systemic effects in the body. Therefore, the material should not cause any kind of allergic; toxic; inflammatory response; nor any other undesirable reaction in the individual

What is material testing?

The reactive or non-reactive effects to dental materials may vary in each of us, especially in patients with special health concerns. In my office, everyone is tested for bio-compatibility of potential dental materials, to develop their "dental menu" of dental materials for use, when dentistry is required. In addition, we test for the most effective, least reactive local anesthetic at every visit.

The two methods of testing are:

  1. Selective Kinesiology
    Applied Kinesiology makes use of muscle strength as an indicator of an organism's orderly or disturbed state of health. Muscle strength is influenced by the energy fields of objects in close association with the body. I utilize Kinesiology and a testing kit of all the sample materials, which I might use in my dental treatment. A positive response (muscle strength) indicates a material which would be acceptable for that patient, while a negative response (muscle weakness) indicates a material that would not be chosen for that patient.
  2. Materials Reactivity Testing
    “Materials Reactivity Testing” is a laboratory screening process used to help identify existing sensitivity problems to various chemical groups in an individual patient. I use this form of testing with patients who are known to be very chemically sensitive. The test provides a list of all the commonly used dental materials and will evaluate whether you are suited or not well suited to over 2,000 individual dental materials.
What is an amalgam filling?

Around 1830, a revolutionary new dental restorative material called “amalgam” was introduced to the United States. This amalgam was developed in England and France and contained silver, tin, copper, zinc and mercury. The amalgam fillings were not openly embraced by organized dentistry in America, and in 1840, members of the American Society of Dental Surgeons were required to sign pledges not to use mercury fillings. In fact, several New York city dentists were suspended from this organization in 1848 for “malpractice for using silver mercury fillings.” In 1859, a new organization was formed as a result of the internal strife over the use of mercury in dentistry — the American Dental Association.

Do you use amalgam fillings?

No, we use resin based composite filling material.

Are you a metal free office?

As much as possible metal free dental materials are used, but sometimes a high noble metal is necessary in dental restorations. “High noble” means there are only precious metals in the alloy, no zinc or nickel.

Do you do root canals? What is your opinion on root canals?

We refer to a root canal specialist or “Endodontist” in the event a root canal is needed. We understand that some are opposed to getting a root canal, and we will absolutely review individualized treatment options with you during an initial consultation to see if there are alternative routes of treatment.

Do you work with implants?

Yes, we coordinate with your oral surgeon to restore missing teeth with titanium, and zirconia implants and implant crowns.

Do I have to take x-rays?

Yes, X-rays are required for a thorough diagnostic exam, and we require patients to update x-rays once per calendar year. According to the ADA: Radiation exposure associated with dentistry represents a minor contribution to the total exposure from all sources. The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) has estimated that the mean effective radiation dose from all sources in the U.S. is 6.2 millisieverts (mSv) per year, with about half of this dose (i.e., 3.1 mSv) from natural sources (e.g., soil, radon) and about 3.1 mSv from man-made sources.

About half of the man-made radiation exposure is related to CT scanning. Dental radiographs account for approximately 2.5 percent of the effective dose received from medical radiographs and fluoroscopies. For more information on dental x-rays and radiation exposure, visit

Do you take insurance?

We are technically out of network for all insurance companies, however, we can assist in getting patients reimbursed for their care. Usually insurance covers 50-80% of routine preventative care. For other services like fillings, crowns, implants, etc., the fees are due at the time of the appointment by the patient, and we send the claim to your insurance company. Any reimbursement for these services will be sent to you directly. Coverage ranges anywhere from 30-50% for major dental work at an out of network rate. Talk you your insurance company to see what rates of coverage you will be expecting, or we can send in a pre-determination of services to get a formal quote from your insurance provider of what they anticipate to cover. The pre-determination process takes on average three weeks to complete.

Do you finance?

Our office does not do in-house financing, however we do accept both Care Credit and Lending Club financing plans. Card holders with either of these companies may receive services here and use Care Credit or Lending Club to pay for the services. Patients pay monthly statements to Care Credit and Lending Club like any other credit card. The difference is that both Care Credit and Lending Club offer special “no interest” promotions on approved card holders for certain dollar amounts. Please visit or for more information on promotional rates and to submit an application.